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China Education System

All school systems have a different dynamic, but China’s education system is especially unique. The Chinese government have introduced nine years compulsory education for all. Students are required to complete primary and junior middle school education. Thereafter, students who pass the appropriate entrance examinations go on to senior middle schools or middle-level vocational schools. They may then take the national college entrance exam which gives access to tertiary education. Tuition is free during the nine-year compulsory part of education. However, students are required to pay for textbooks etc. Post junior school parents must pay for tuition. China’s school education includes pre-school, primary school, secondary school, high school, university and college, as well as graduate school education.
Pre-school education is for 3-5 year olds and takes place in kindergartens. Primary education is from 6-11. Primary schools are usually run by local educational authorities and over free tuition. Secondary schooling is for children from 12-17 years of age. The first three years of secondary school are compulsory and tuition is free. Senior middle school is not compulsory and students must pay minimal tuition fees. Students graduating from junior middle schools usually go on to senior middle schools, although some move to vocational high schools or secondary professional schools for 3-5 years of study. To enter a university or college, students have to take the national entrance examination. Common higher education comprises of junior college, bachelor, master and doctoral degree programs. Adult education comprises of schooling education, anti-illiteracy education and other programs oriented to adult groups.

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