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Porcelain, also known as 'fine china', with its delicate texture, pleasing color, and refined sculpture, was one of the earliest art forms to be introduced to the west through the Silk Road. The earliest porcelain yet discovered was made of kaolin during the Shang Dynasty (16th - 11th century BC), and possessed the smoothness and imperviousness common to hard enamel products, though pottery was still commonly used by much of the populace. As we know, the features of porcelain lie in texture of basic body, color of glaze, decorative pattern, shape and style, while porcelain at that time had sublimed to be at the most elegant. Through the development of 4,000 years, now it is still a brilliant art that attracts many people's interest. With the diversity of cobalt, theme, and style of painting, the blue and white porcelains differed constantly, each being unique.
The blue and white porcelain called Qinghua Ci was developed during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and flowered during the subsequent Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. This style is what many people think of when they talk about Chinese porcelain, as it is the most famous and prolific of the mainstream of porcelain production. Firstly, the basic body was painted with natural cobalt, which would turn blue after being heated in the kiln. The blue flowers and other patterns thus produced were set off by a white glaze and covered by another level of clear glaze; the resulting porcelain was widely welcomed amongst both refined and popular tastes due to the beauty and charm of the finished product.

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