The Karez Well

The Karez Well is one of the most important travel sites in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The underground canals of Karez are over 2,000 years old. This irrigation system spread to Middle Asia and Persia after first appearing in the Han Dynasty. It is one of three great construction projects of ancient China. To create the system, people dug wells at regular intervals and then linked them with underground tunnels from which subterranean water could flow. The water primarily comes from melted ice and snow and runs at even levels throughout the entire year, playing a vital role for agricultural and irrigational needs.
Karez systems are the life source of Turpan. It is the natural air conditioner for the locals because they can sit in one while chatting or doing some chores. In a sense, without the karez, there would be no Turpan culture. According to records, the history of the Karez in Xinjiang dates back to 103B.C. Karezes have been found in Iran, the Sahara, etc., but the ones in Turpan are the most complete. Here's some guide information for your travel of The Karez Well: Address: Yaer Village, Yaer County, Turpan, Xinjiang Admission Fee: CNY30/Person  Opening Hours: 08:00 -17:00  Contact number: 0086-995-8687666

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