Tujia Minority Group

The Tujia minority is one of the 55 minorities in China. They have roughly a population of 5.7 million and are located mainly in Sichuan, Hunan and Hubei provinces. Their history is more than 2,000 years old. This Tujia minority, like most in China, speak their own language including Han Chinese. At present the Tujia’s language is used only in a few areas; it lacks written characters, so Chinese characters are used instead. Other than worshiping "White Tiger" as their ancestor, they have no specific religion. The Tujia minority are renowned for their singing and song composing abilities and for their tradition of the Baishou Dance.
A 500 year old collective dance uses 70 ritual gestures to represent war, farming, hunting, courtship and other aspects of traditional life. The Tujia people have many customary manners. When Tujia people meet, they must greet each other. When a guest drops in, the host must be very hospitable. Tujia people eat simple in daily life, but a guest might be served first a bowl of sticky rice rum in summer and a bowl of Tuan San in boiled water, and then a big feast. When a guest is invited for tea, he is usually offered oil tea, Yinmi, Tangyuan, or a half-cooked egg. Today, traditional Tujia customs can only be found in the most remote areas.

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